Although concrete may seem pretty tough, it actually is vulnerable to many environmental factors. People often overlook the fact that concrete is porous. And as with porous surfaces, moisture, stains, molds, and other environmental hazards can seep in, wrecking havoc on your beautiful concrete surfaces.
Your concrete is always vulnerable to water. These porous surfaces will allow moisture to loosen your vinyl tiles or ruin your carpet.
How does water get in my concrete, (and how do I stop it)?
Water can enter concrete in two ways: from the top side or from the ground. Water entering from the top is called positive moisture. It comes from rain and other liquids that spill on the concrete surface. Ground moisture is called negative moisture. It comes from the natural moisture of the ground over which the concrete is laid.
Concrete surfaces act like sponges when exposed to water. It will draw water until it is saturated, or if there is no more water available. It will then disperse the water until it reaches equilibrium state.
What does water do to my concrete?
Water may cause many processes that can lead to noticeable damage. Water causes the rebar to rust. This in turn weakens the concrete.
Water also activates alkali disintegration. During the curing process of concrete, the alkali in the concrete becomes dormant. As water seeps into the concrete the alkali begins to react again with the concrete around it. This destroys the concrete from within.
Water is also causes mold, mildew and algae to grow. Mold has been known to influence severe health problems. Algae, on the other hand, cause the concrete to become slick and discolored while mildew often give off a bad odor and stains organic materials.
Up to 60% of homes have basements that suffer from this sort of problem. This could seriously affect the resell value of your home and make your home a health hazard to its occupants.
The moisture must be stopped to stop the damage.
To protect your concrete walls or floors, you need to have them protected with a concrete sealer. Concrete sealers protect concrete from deterioration brought about by road salt, stains, oil, moisture, and molds. It also provides a layer of protection that allows for easier sweeping and cleaning.
You will most likely need only one application of concrete sealant to keep your concrete surfaces protected.
First of all, you need to assemble the needed equipment. First of all, you must wear protective clothing since you are about to work with potential irritants. Gather a stiff brush and a water bucket. You will also need some rubber gloves, goggles and small-particle filter to protect you against chemical agents. You will also need some paintbrushes and a paint roller. Make sure there is proper ventilation at the place you are to work with the concrete sealer.
How to Apply
1. Clean the Floor. Your surface must be free of dirt, grime, grease, and oil. The stiff scrub brush will help remove stubborn stains. Use a commercial cleaner to help remove the dirt. Stubborn stains might need some soaking in a detergent solution before they can be removed. Rinse thoroughly with clear water. A second application may be required.
2. Apply Sealer: Before painting the floor, make sure you test the sealer on a small patch of floor. This will tell you if the floor is clean enough or if there are still imperfections that should be remedied. Uneven density in the concrete may result in a blotchy appearance that may be undesirable. Apply the sealer using a paint roller with an extension handle. Use the brush to cut in when working the perimeter. Start in a rear corner and work your way out of the area you are working on. Work the sealer into the surface. Spread it in a way that all the puddles are eliminated and apply a relatively thin uniform coat. You will probably only need one coating. Allow the sealer to dry. This will take a few hours.
3. Clean Up: Don't forget to wash up with soap and warm water immediately afterwards. Remember you had just dealt with a potentially hazardous chemical. Always keep safety in mind as you work on your area. Also, dispose of the roller and the brushes you used for the job. Concrete sealers may require that you use these equipments just once.
Kitchens are one of the most used rooms of the house. The preparation of food in kitchens can cause a number of potential health risks so it is important that the area is easy to clean and as sanitary as possible. Silicone sealants perform a very practical function in the kitchen. This product is used to seal areas around worktops and sinks to ensure food debris does not become trapped, which can encourage the growth of bacteria and mould. Kitchen sealants also contain antibacterial and antifungal substances which actively help to inhabitant the growth of microorganisms.
Using Kitchen Silicone Sealant
Whenever you are carrying out work in your home you need to cover floors and furnishings. Plastic sheeting can be laid down to protect carpets and hard floor surfaces. This is important if you are using products such as silicone sealant which can stick to a lot of surfaces and is difficult to remove.
The easiest way to apply kitchen silicone is to use a decorator's applicator gun. Although most tubes of kitchen sealant do come with their own disposable applicators these can be hard to press down on and apply at the same time. Applicator guns have an easy to use trigger system which allows you to apply a smooth, even line of sealant wherever you want. This is the best way to get the control and fluidly you need to create a quality finish to your sealant jobs. If you have never applied kitchen sealant before then it is best to buy an extra tube and practise applying the product in straight lines on a piece of scrap cardboard. This will allow you to get a feel for how the applicator gun works and what you can expect when you seal your worktops and sink areas. It can also help if you use masking tape on both sides of the gap you are filling. This will give you a clear line to follow and the tape will help catch any excess sealant so that you can simply peel it away. Silicone sealants can be very messy to remove when they are wet so it is important to get it right first time.
Kitchen Silicone Sealant
Silicone sealants are not water based so they harden through a chemical process known as curing. This means they do not need to 'dry' in order to set and can be very useful in a number of waterproofing jobs. As well as being used for kitchens, silicone sealants are also used for a wide variety of indoor and outdoor waterproofing jobs. It is important to make sure you select the sealant designed specifically for kitchens when you are sealing in worktops or sinks. This is because this type of sealant contains the antimicrobial ingredients you need to inhibit that growth of bacteria and mould which is a common problem with kitchens.
Look at the quality of the workmanship within a designer bathroom setting and you might not fully appreciate all of the skills that have been used to bring the bathroom to life. Sometimes it's the little things that are all too easy to overlook, like the sealant application that has been used within the room. If you've ever tried a sealant application for DIY purposes you'll know how difficult it can be to achieve a professional result. This is the reason why the services of specialists in sealant application are in demand on various projects throughout the UK. Contractors are called in to carry out a sealant application in numerous private homes, hotels, health clubs and many other locations where mastic sealant in required.
A quality finish
Why is it important to use a professional company for the sealant application? Put it this way, if you fit a luxury bathroom, kitchen or conservatory you don't want the scheme to be spoilt by a shoddy looking seal. A plumber might be able to fit your bathroom appliances but they're not experts at sealant application. Having paid a premium for the main installation work, don't let the finishing touches let the project down. Get a good quality sealant application that looks great and also ensures that water doesn't escape once the mastic sealant has been applied. If you care about the finish of your latest project, make sure you get the sealant application right.
Book the professionals
Still tempted to carry out your own sealant application? You might do a great a job. Can you be sure of the quality of the mastic sealant that you use though and will it stand the test of time? Only premium grade materials are used by experts in sealant application. They have to be to satisfy customers on projects as diverse as 5 star hotels to the highest grade housing developments. Book the services of professional trade's people for the sealant application and you'll ensure the highest grade materials are used by the best trained applicators. Don't let yourself down with a poor mastic seal. Enjoy a top-notch service from the specialists that make a sealant application look simple.
Tile adhesive is a special kind of glue that is used to fix tiling into place around the home. Selecting the right tile adhesive is a very important part of your tile projects. This will ensure that the tiles stick to the wall/floor properly and create a watertight surface.
Different Types of Tile Adhesive
There are a number of different tile adhesive products available. You will need to read the manufacturers instructions before using this type of adhesive in the home. The type of tile adhesive you use will depend on the surface that you are fixing tiles to (drywall, plywood, concrete etc). It will also depend on whether you are fixing tiles inside or outside and to walls or floors. By taking the time to research which tile adhesive you need you can make sure you get the right product for your project.
To help you get started here are just a few of the most common tile adhesive products available:
- Organic Mastics - these are useful products as they come pre-mixed. This means you can use the adhesive straight from the tube. Organic mastic is useful for wall tile projects as it offers instant hold. This means that tiles will not slip out of place as you are fixing them. However organic mastics are not very effective in areas which are exposed to heat or the elements such as cooker splashbacks and outside spaces.
- Thin-set Mortar - this is a popular type of tile adhesive that can be mixed to the exact consistency required. Thin-set mortar is widely used as it offers a much stronger bonding finish and more flexibility than other adhesives. This means it can be used in areas with varying heat temperatures and air moisture such as kitchens, bathrooms and external spaces. There are several different types of thin-set mortar mixes available. This provides plenty of choice when it comes to your home DIY projects.
- Latex Mortar - this type of tile adhesive has additives that reduce the water absorption and increase the bonding strength. Latex mortar can be used for both wet and dry installations. It can also be mixed to a thicker consistency to make a suitable adhesive for handcrafted tiles that have uneven rear surfaces.
Using Tile Adhesive
When you are using tile adhesive you do need to make sure you understand the drying times. If you remove the spacers between the tiles too soon they could slip out of place before they are dry. With the faster drying tile adhesive products you will need to work more quickly to put the tiles in place before the adhesive hardens. Double check all the manufacturers instructions before you start your project so that you can plan each step accurately.
Adhesives are the sticky substances that stick or bind two surfaces by the process of adhesion and cohesion. They are liquid or semi solid and are derived from some natural sources or may be synthesized artificially. They may be used to join two substances of the same material or of different materials; the materials may be thin sheets or huge substances. Adhesive manufacturers make adhesives of different types and strength depending upon the material or the industry which is going to use it. This means that this glue is made with a strong customer focus. These sticking solutions work on the technique of adhesive bonding in which a layer of the glue is applied between the two surfaces of different materials to give them a strong bonding.
There is not a single manufacturing industry in the world which does not require a substance to keep all their assembled parts in place. It is here that the use of industrial adhesives is required. May it be an industry manufacturing cars, aircrafts, computers, laptops, refrigerators or air conditioners; they all require some type of special adhesives to assemble their parts. This is no easy task as such on the part of the manufacturer. They have to continuously talk out to the company for which the sealant is being manufactured and try to give out the product totally up to their expectations and necessity. For this, adhesive manufacturers carry out constant research work and come up with inventions to upgrade the quality of their products.
Resins are categorized on the basis of their compositions, cure (process of hardening) mechanism or adhesive properties. They are the long chains of molecules being linked together by covalent bonding called as the polymers and can be classified as thermoplastic or thermosetting resins. Thermoplastic resins are capable of being molded and re -molded at very high temperature whereas thermosetting resins cannot be re - molded after being cured. Industrial adhesives make the use of some thermoplastic ones such as polyvinyl acetate or PVC, cyanoacrylate also called as superglue, polyamides and silicone resins. This class shows poor resistance to heat and creep, but are oil resistant. On the other hand some of the thermosetting resins are epoxy, polyurethranes and phenolic resins.
Besides resins, the other types of sealants are hot melt, contact spray, acrylic, anaerobic adhesive, conductive, epoxy adhesive, and pressure adhesive. Of all these types, the hot melt variety has excellent adhesive bonding power and can be hardened or softened by the user as per his desire. So even if the user makes a mistake while construction, he can very well rectify it by melting and re - molding it. Contact spray is used for temporary bonding as well as permanent bonding. They are waterproof, transparent and ecofriendly. Acrylic ones take some time to dry and set. As the name itself suggests, anaerobic adhesives set even in the absence of oxygen.Automobile and aircraft industries use epoxy adhesives. So we see that there are various types of glues that are used in industries, each specific to its own requirement.
Bathrooms present a number of unique construction problems for professional builders and DIY enthusiasts. These rooms are by necessity quite damp and you will have to take a number of steps to help contain dampness and prevent the growth of mould and mildew. Bathroom sealant is an essential material when you are remodelling your bathroom. This product is designed using special formulas that are antimicrobial and antifungal. This means they inhibit the growth of mould and mildew even when exposed to damp conditions.
Uses for Bathroom Sealant
Bathroom sealant is primarily used to create a watertight seal between your bath and the wall. This is important as if water leaks down behind the bath it can form damp areas in your bathroom providing the ideal breeding grounds for mildew and mould. If your bathroom is upstairs these damp patches could also cause joists to rot and this can be an expensive repair job. Bathroom sealant can also be used to waterproof shower units and around sinks and toilets. By taking the time to seal around your bathroom suite you can help to prevent your bathroom from getting damp and mouldy. This not only looks and smells unpleasant but can be a health risk as many moulds give off spores that can cause inhalant irritation.
Caring for Your Bathroom Sealant
Once you have installed your bathroom suite you do need to leave the sealant to dry for at least 4 hours (preferably overnight) before you use it. This will ensure that the bathroom sealant has fully dried and will not break apart when you use the bath. You should avoid using any harsh chemicals such as bleach on areas with bathroom sealant. This can attack the product and cause it to wear more quickly. Although bathroom sealant is antimicrobial it is a good idea to wipe the areas with sealant dry after you have used them. If you leave water pooling on the sealant it can encourage the growth of mildew and mould.
Applying Bathroom Sealant
Bathrooms sealant is very easy to use and you can buy it in handheld tubes that come with their own applicators. However it is a good idea to invest in a decorator's gun applicator as this will provide you with more control over the product when it is applied. Before you apply bathroom sealant it is important to thoroughly clean and dry the area you are sealing. Bathroom sealant will not stick properly to damp or dirty surfaces and it can draw back as it is drying and leave gaps exposed.
Bathroom sealant is an adhesive to it is important not to get it on your hands or clothes as you will find it very difficult to wash it off. Once it has dried to a surface bathroom sealant can be difficult to remove so take care when you are applying this product not to get it anywhere but the area you are sealing.